There are many country specific and industry specific risks when investing. Because there is a tentative relationship between the government and businesses, there is always a risk that government actions could constrain an industry or corporation. Likewise, business executives could make poor decisions or get caught-up in a scandal. Without a doubt, such actions would adversely affect an investor’s holdings in that business and/or sector.
As an investor, the best thing you can do is read reviews, educate yourself and know the risks before investing in something. This cautious approach will encourage you to:
- Seek Advice
- Diversify Your Portfolio
- Make a Long-Term Commitment
Strategy One: Seek Advice.
When you don’t understand how the stock market works – like what makes a stock’s price rise or fall, it becomes an especially risky investment. The more you know, the more you can lower this risk.
If you don’t feel comfortable with your understanding of an investment, ask experienced investors to help you choose stocks and other alternatives that help you achieve your financial goals, as well as meet your tolerance for risk.
Strategy Two: Diversify Your Stock Portfolio.
You can reduce your overall risk by owning stock in companies of different sizes and different industries. As well, different types of stock offer fixed returns that can be counted upon to offset losses in other investment areas.
- Type of industry – While companies in one industry may be struggling, companies in another industry may be performing well. For example, manufacturing stocks might slump when technology stocks rise.
- Company size – Investing in a small, new company has the potential for higher growth. That said, it is usually riskier than a larger, more established company would be.
- Type of stock – Preferred shares tend to offer lower risk and returns than common shares. But, unlike common shares, preferred shares pay a fixed dividend. You may want to choose both for your portfolio.
Strategy Three: Make a Long-Term Commitment.
As I am sure you are aware from the recent U.S. elections and the Brexit vote, the stock market is subject to short-term fluctuations and bear markets. Volatility aside, historically the stock market has performed well over the long term.
Because of the uncertainty associated with the stock market do not invest with money that you will need back soon. If you do, you run the risk of being forced to sell during a period when a stock’s price is low.
When risks affect the market or the economy, investors must rely upon their well-constructed portfolio to protect their investments. Making educated investment decisions that work toward your goals, and are mindful of your exposure to adverse conditions, will keep investing risks at an acceptable level.